DATE PALM (deraḵt-e ḵormā, naḵl Phoenix dactylifera L., fam. eight Fresh dates are harder to discover than dried ones, but they're worth searching for out. In West Africa, close to the Sahara, only dry, sugary sorts can be grown. Minerals: Dates are a rich source of minerals like selenium, copper, potassium, magnesium, manganese, calcium and iron.DATE PALM (deraḵt-e ḵormā, naḵl Phoenix dacty